- Alaungpaya, King
- (r. 1752-1760)Founding king of the Konbaung Dynasty, he was a local leader at Moksobomyo, north of Ava (Inwa), which he made into a fortified capital and renamed Shwebo. In 1752, Binnya Dala, the ruler of the Mon state of Hanthawaddy, captured Ava, but Alaungpaya (as he styled himself after proclaiming himself king, meaning "embryo Buddha") recaptured it the following year and led an armed expedition down the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River into Lower Burma, capturing Dagon, which he renamed Rangoon (Yangon), meaning "end of strife," in 1755, Syriam (Thanlyin) in 1756, and Pegu in 1757. With Pegu's fall, Binnya Dala was deposed and the history of independent Mon states ended. Alaungpaya attacked the small but troublesome state of Manipur in northeastern India, dealt harshly with Mon uprisings in Lower Burma, and launched an unsuccessful invasion of Siam (Thailand) by way of Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) in 1760. On this expedition, he died of disease or injury.An exemplar of warlike Burman values, historians believe that Alaungpaya's reign marked the beginning of polarization between the Burmans and the ethnic minorities, especially the rebellious Mons. Earlier kings, such as Bayinnaung, were great admirers of Mon culture. Lower Burma was largely depopulated by Alaungpaya's campaigns.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Alaungpaya — ( my. အလောင်းဘုရား) or Alompra or Alaung Mintaya ( my. အလောင်းမင်းတရား,( th. อลองพญา) lit. Future Buddha King, 1714 ndash; April 13 1760) was a Burmese king who founded the Konbaung Dynasty (Heaven s platform) and the Third Burmese Empire in the… … Wikipedia
Alaungpaya — ▪ king of Myanmar Burmese“The Victorious”, also spelled Alaung Phra, Alompra, or Aungzeya born 1714, Moksobomyo [Shwebo], Myanmar died April 13, 1760, Kin ywa, Martaban province, Myanmar king (1752–60) who unified Myanmar (Burma) and… … Universalium
Alaungpaya — (birman အလောင်းဘုရား), Alompra ou Alaung Mintaya (birman အလောင်းမင်းတရား, littéralement Futur Roi Bouddha), (24 septembre 1714 – 11 mai 1760) fut un roi de Birmanie, fondateur de la dynastie Konbaung et du troisième empire birman. Il était né à… … Wikipédia en Français
Alaungpaya dynasty — or Konbaung dynasty (1752–1885) Last ruling dynasty of Myanmar. In the face of the fragmentation of the Toungoo dynasty, Alaungpaya (1714–60), headman in a village near Mandalay, raised an army and subdued the separatist Mon people in southern… … Universalium
Hsinbyushin, King — (r. 1763 1776) Third king of the Konbaung Dynasty and son of its founder, Alaungpaya. His reign was marked by military aggression and many victories, including capturing and pillaging the Siamese capital of Ayuthaya in March 1767. Its… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
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Binnya Dala — was the second and last ruler of the Mon Kingdom of Pegu, which existed in Lower Burma (now Myanmar from 1740 to 1757. The Mon Kingdom had been revived in 1740 by Srim Htaw Buddhaketi, and Binnya Dala was the prime minister. Upon becoming King,… … Wikipedia
1760 — Year 1760 (MDCCLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 11 day slower Julian calendar).Events of 1760January June * January 9 Battle of… … Wikipedia